Synchronous vs Asynchronous Learning: Which is Right for your Learners? Paula McNamee Published on October 18, 2018 eLearning has opened up a world of possibilities for organizations delivering training. Whether learning a new skill or completing mandatory training, you need to decide whether synchronous vs asynchronous learning is the most effective way to support your learners. Depending on the learning objective, learners can benefit from both synchronous and asynchronous learning. Each offers advantages, and of course, drawbacks. But which one is right for you and your learners? Here’s an explanation of each, the pros and cons, and how you might best utilize both methods. What is synchronous learning? Synchronous learning is any type of learning that takes place in real-time, where a group of people are engaging in learning at the same time. Although learning occurs at the same time, learners don’t have to be there in person. Or even in the same location! Synchronous learning enables learners to ask questions and receive answers straight away. Learners can also collaborate freely with other learners. For employee training, synchronous learning is a popular method to learn about new company policies or new software that’s being rolled out. When done right, it’s also useful for customer and partner training as it creates an invaluable feedback loop. Some examples of synchronous learning include: Live webinars Instant messaging Video conferencing Virtual classrooms What is asynchronous learning? Asynchronous learning is more learner-centered, enabling learners to complete courses without the constraints of having to be in a certain place at a certain time. In essence, asynchronous learning doesn’t hinder learners by place or time. As long as they have access to the internet, asynchronous learners have the freedom to complete course materials whenever they choose, and from any location. Although not taking place in real-time, asynchronous learning still allows learners to share thoughts and questions with instructors and fellow learners, though they may not receive an immediate response. Some examples of asynchronous learning include: Email Blogs Pre-recorded video lessons or webinars Online discussion boards Synchronous vs Asynchronous learning: Pros and Cons When comparing synchronous vs asynchronous, both have advantages and disadvantages. What may appeal to one learner may not appeal to another. Let’s look more closely at some of the main pros and cons of each: Pros of Synchronous Learning: Because of the social nature of synchronous learning, learners can easily interact with instructors and other learners, making group activities possible. Synchronous learning takes place in real time, which means they can get immediate feedback. Ideas and opinions can also be promptly shared with fellow learners. Similarly, if your learners are having trouble with any of the course content, synchronous learning allows them to ask questions and get instantaneous answers. Cons of Synchronous Learning: Synchronous learners have to be online at a certain time, and therefore their learning has to adhere to a specific training schedule. Learners can’t access content where and when they like. To accommodate your learners and offer more flexibility, you could provide a webinar recording of the training session via your LMS. Due to the group dynamic of real-time synchronous learning, some learners may feel they are not receiving the individual attention they need. This is especially true if there’s any part of the training they do not fully understand. Try checking in on the progress of your learners by setting aside time during training for 1 to 1 or group Q&A sessions. The effectiveness of how well your learners understand the course content depends more on the quality of the instructor than the learners themselves. To overcome this, ensure your instructors receive relevant training so they’re fully prepared for their role. Requiring instructors to plan their sessions ahead of time will also ensure they’ll deliver a great learning experience for your learners. Pros of Asynchronous Learning: Asynchronous learning offers lots of flexibility. Although there’s usually a deadline in sight, asynchronous learners can go at their own pace and access their course at any time they choose and from any place. It’s a cost effective way to train learners that are based in varying locations. Asynchronous learning means your learners can engage in courses regardless of their time-zone or location. With asynchronous learning, learners have significantly more time to reflect on the content material they are learning, which means they are likely to understand it more thoroughly. Cons of Asynchronous Learning: Although learners may have access to an instructor, contact through asynchronous learning may be limited. Answers to queries cannot be given in real time (e.g. learners may need to wait for an answer to an email). This can be overcome by ensuring you choose an LMS that makes communication as easy as possible. The lack of interaction with instructors and fellow learners that accompanies asynchronous learners leaves some feeling isolated. This could lead to a lack of motivation and engagement in courses. Combat learner isolation by focusing on creating great course content. Asynchronous learning is learner-centered, so those taking courses in this way need self-discipline and focus to be successful in completing the required course work. Using tools like gamification helps to keep your learners engaged. Synchronous vs Asynchronous Learning: Which is best for your learners? Ultimately, the method of learning you choose for your learners will depend on a number of factors. These include your learning objectives, the types of course content you can create, how you deliver your training and the availability of your learners. If you have the resources, the best option is a combination of both synchronous and asynchronous learning. For example, a largely asynchronous course but with webinars or instant messaging scheduled for varying times so that learners have the additional benefit of interacting with each other and instructors. Blended learning is another option that suits many learning objectives. No matter which method you choose, variety is the best approach. Especially if you’re building a course; aim to keep your learners as engaged as possible by mixing different methods of content delivery. A combination of elements like video, text and images are sure to keep your learners interested!